Research into inappropriate play at the individual level varies in the extent to which the focus is on behavioral dependence, that is., addiction or, alternatively, the negative consequences of excessive behavior., damage . Game issues are generally treated as a complex of both aspects, measured by the severity index of the commonly used problem game . This is especially useful in evaluating proximal risk factors, such as supporting game-related thinking errors, as they may have a conceptual overlap with the cognitive and behavioral aspects of dependence or pathology of the game.
We examined 1,650 regular players from an online panel and evaluated who approved all attention checks and consistency of the response. We assess each risk factor based on bivariate correlations with damage and then perform separate multivariate proximal assessments (p. E.g., game motivations) and distal (p. ex., religiosity) risk factors. Almost all bivariate correlations were significant, but most distal factors were insignificant in multivariate models. Excessive consumption, less use of safe gambling practices and more fallacies were the main proximal risks of damage. Much known game damage correlates (p. E.g., young people, low level of education) do not play a direct role in the development of damage to the game by controlling other factors. The results support theoretical models that emphasize early conditioning and biological vulnerability .
A 2008 study showed that people with psychiatric disorders are 17 times more likely to develop game problems. Dependency on existing systematic reviews and meta-analyzes is affected by the quality of their methods and reports; If we evaluate this, if the quality is poor, our ability to use the results completely will be limited. There can also be many systematic reviews and meta-analyzes, and if you focus on different risk factors, the results can be difficult to synthesize. While, in comparison, the use of lotteries and scratch cards rarely leads to gambling problems, sports gamblers, people who prefer casino games and especially people who use slot machines are at increased risk of developing a game disorder (Scalese et al. 2016). This is particularly the case if participation in these game forms takes place regularly (Williams et al. 2015; Binde et al. 2017).
The withdrawal rate of about 8% in one year that the intervention often produces often improves when GA is combined with psychotherapy administered by a trained professional. This seems to be the case in particular when cognitive behavioral treatment is the professional’s psychotherapy approach. Psychotherapy appears to be more effective than any drug used to betflix treat this condition so far. Financial / debt advice and self-help interventions can also be important aspects of the care provided to people with gambling addiction. Much more often, gambling addiction, like most other emotional circumstances, is understood as the result of a combination of biological vulnerabilities, ways of thinking and social stressors .
Trait impulsivity and early exposure to play are important distal risk factors for game damage. Game drogates, the use of safe gaming practices and excessive game use are the dominant proximal determinants of damage. Future research on proximal risk factors should include specific and validated measures of addiction / behavioral dependence, as well as excessive gambling., an excessive consumption profile of indicative conditioning set.