Fast Internet access is an expectation of the latest technological trends. While many technologies, such as high-speed Internet access (HSPA), wireless microwave interaction (WiMAX) and long-term development (LTE), promise and live up to expectations as expected, the ‘digital divide’ still exists in rural areas. no problem and minimal cost.
The solution to the above situation is to have a way to conduct high-speed Internet through a power source so that the networks work in the power grid. The distribution of Internet data on power lines is called HomePlug or Broadband Power Lines (BPL).
Big electric flow! This is an innovation in the latest technological trends. This technology is certainly an encouraging and cost-effective infrastructure model for high-speed broadband Internet access – even in rural areas, as every household in the world is served by power lines.
Realizing how quickly the communications landscape has changed since the advent of the Internet, broadband Internet, as everyone knows, is a mechanism for transmitting data through high-bandwidth or air-to-cable channels. Wired broadband is called the asymmetric digital subscription line (ADSL), and new wireless broadband technologies are mobile WiMAX and advanced LTE. However, all these technologies require high infrastructure costs to meet the needs of the population. Consequently, they are mostly confined to urban areas, and the digital divide persists because the Internet does not reach the masses, even in rural areas.
WHAT IS BROADBAND?
Contrary to technological barriers, a new innovative technology called “broadband electric communication” is closing in on even rural areas without too much infrastructure to transmit Internet data through electrical signals relative to medium/high frequency. Typically, broadband uses low-frequency electrical signals for regular phone calls and high-frequency signals for internet data, as we see in ADSL technology. Electronic filters share two types of signals: low frequencies arrive on your phone, and higher – on your internet modem.
HOW DOES THE BROADBAND ELECTRIC SYSTEM WORK?
The basic technical concept of data transmission in broadband energy technology is based on the fundamental concepts of radio frequency (RF) energy combined in the same line on which electric current passes. Since RF and electricity vibrate at different frequencies, there is no interference between them, and packages sent through the RF are not lost due to electric current. The broadband grid consumes only a fraction of the entire power grid. Typically, power plants are transported to power transmission at substations, which then distribute power across power lines from 155 to 765 kV, and this has nothing to do with package or radio frequency transmission. The solution for broadband electrical technologies is to bypass substations and power lines and focus on medium voltage transmission lines, which typically amount to about 7,200 volts, and then transformers convert the electric energy into 240 volts, where electricity is supplied to households. Simply put, standard fiber optic lines are designed specifically for Internet data and will be used for data transmission. These fiber optic lines connect to medium voltage lines. These nodes have repeaters to replicate the data and increase transmission power. In the same way transformers will also be installed retaliater or specialized devices to provide a channel of data around them. The digital data is then sent along a 240 volt line that is connected to electrical outlets in a residential or office building, which becomes the end point of data distribution.
Currently, residents and businesses have two options for connecting to the Internet. They can get wireless transmitters that take wireless signals and send data to computer stations, or they can receive broadband modems through Power Lines modems to filter data – electric broadband filters out noise from a power line and only transmits data – then transmits data to the station.
TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANTAGES AND BUSINESS CASES
With the proliferation of electricity around the world, including rural areas, broadband will become a ubiquitous technology to reach rural areas and bridge the digital divide in the communications space.
The use of this technology offers many advantages. It is affordable because it uses existing wiring and electrical outlets to avoid using expensive data cables and save up to 75% of infrastructure costs. This is very convenient for end users, as each outlet in each room has access to the Internet. Very easy to use because you don’t need any software, just “connect and work.” This technology is reliable, unlike wireless solutions, which suffer from uneven service coverage, and also provides solutions for universal coverage with data speeds of up to 6 million bits per second when connected.
One of the best business cases will be a solution for managing the power grid, which will be very effective after the implementation of this broadband power technology. Utilities can better manage their systems by delivering data on the power grid. Because this has an advantage that is directly related to electricity management, it is likely that electricity companies will continue to invest more money in broadband electricity. Having the ability to control the power grid through the electricity grid, a virtual workforce is created, which spends much less man-hours.
While this technology has many advantages, it also poses some problems. Radiofrequency interference is the biggest problem this technology faces today. He faces opposition from radio amateurs and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), who fear that broadband electric technology will reduce the amount of radio frequencies available to amateurs and shortwave radio operators, and that radio frequency transmission on unprotected mid-voltage lines is causing frequency disturbances. already allocated. Another problem is the significant delays in the ratification of technological standards. Transmission standards for broadband electrical technologies are emerging and projects have not yet been published.